Teachers' Views on the Effect of Museum Use in Social Studies Lessons in Turkish Schools on Class Efficiency: A Case Study Model
Dr. Mehmet ORANDepartment of Social Studies Education, Usak University, Turkey
This study aims to reveal the experiences and opinions of social studies teachers about the effect of museum use on the efficiency of the lesson. The case study model, which is one of the qualitative research methods, was used in the research. The study group of the research consisted of 20 (Female=12, Male=8) social studies teachers. During the data collection phase, a semi-structured interview was conducted to collect data. The content analysis was made to extract thematic codes from the obtained data by applying the coding method. The responses given by the participants to the questions in the interview form were first collected in 42 codes, then these codes were associated with each other and reduced to 29. Some of the codes included: exhibition, bridge, permanent learning, concretizing the subject, motivating the students to the lesson, increasing the visuality of the lesson, etc. According to the reliability formula of Miles and Huberman (1994), the reliability of the study was calculated as 93%. As a result of the research, it was concluded that museums have an important place in the social studies lesson, provide permanent learning, increase the visuality of the lesson, and make the lesson enjoyable and increase the efficiency of the lesson.