Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice https://jestp.com/index.php/estp <p><em>Educational Sciences: Theory &amp; Practice</em>&nbsp;is an international scientific journal for the publication of high-quality research covering all aspects of education and education-related topics.</p> <p>The aim and scope of the journal is to publish research articles that are of international significance across educational contexts in terms of design, method, and/or findings.</p> en-US editor@jestp.com (Editor in Chief) assistant@jestp.com (Editorial Assistant) Sat, 04 Jun 2022 16:33:07 -0500 OJS 3.3.0.12 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Research on The Application of Chinese Traditional Culture Teaching in Higher Vocational Education https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1582 <p>Chinese Traditional Culture (CTC) teaching, among the most significant abilities in higher vocational education, significantly impacts the knowledge of vocational college students. The current focus of vocational education was on better cultivating students' CTC understanding and integrity competency through these activities. There should be a strong emphasis in vocational education on developing students' cultural competency by helping them better understand the value of CTC and the alternative stages in which it can be used. This will help students become more comfortable interacting with people while also helping them better understand China's values. This paper presents a novel hybridized long-short term memory and recurrent neural network (Hybridized LSTM-RNN) to predict the capability of vocational education students. First, collected datasets are standardized through the normalization technique in pre-processing stage to eliminate unwanted errors. Then, Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology is used in the CTC teaching application. The proposed approach is applied in the prediction stage. This approach's performance metrics are examined and compared with certain standard techniques to obtain this research with the greatest effectiveness. The findings of this research are accomplished by employing the Origin tool.</p> Beibei Jiang Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1582 Sat, 04 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Research Culture among Higher Education Institutions of Saudi Arabia and its impact on faculty performance: Assessing the Role of Instrumentality, Research Infrastructure, and Knowledge Production https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1583 <p>Evaluation of Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs) and faculty members depends on scientific study. Effective research culture among HEIs helps faculty members and HEIs improve their performance in this area. Unfortunately, little empirical study has been conducted to determine what elements influence research culture in higher education institutions and how to research culture increases staff performance. Consequently, this study aims to empirically explore the effects of research infrastructure, knowledge generation, and organizational instrumentality on research culture, which affects the job performance of faculty members. 249 faculty members from various Saudi Arabian HEIs provided information that was examined using Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) and Amos-16. This study found that knowledge production, research infrastructure, and organizational instrumentality positively affect research culture and the job performance of faculty members, with the exception that research culture does not mediate the relationship between knowledge production and unproductive work behavior. In addition, the relationship between research infrastructure and contextual performance is not mediated by research culture. This study's findings will assist higher education institutions, research centers, and faculty members build a thriving research culture, which is impossible without research infrastructure, knowledge generation, and organizational instrumentality. This is the first-ever study among Saudi Arabia's HEIs.</p> Muhammad Awais Bhatti, Mansour Alyahya, Ahmed Abdulaziz Alshiha Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1583 Sat, 04 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Teaching and Learning Dialectical Relationship between Thermodynamic Equilibrium and Reaction Rate Constant https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1587 <p>The development of science and technology in the present era has an urgent demand for the training of innovative thinking of undergraduates. This requirement actively promotes research and teaching of basic theories, beneficial to the career development of students. This study clarified the dialectical relation between thermodynamic equilibrium constant and reaction rate constant through the contrast thinking method. Findings reveal that both isobaric Van't Hoff equation and Arrhenius equation had four similar forms, and the change in the trend of both constants showed a similar law. By the derivation of the formation rate constant of product (<em>K</em><sub>Y</sub>) and the consumption rate constant of the reactant (<em>K</em><sub>A</sub>), the ratio of both constants at the end state indicated the nature of equilibrium state in agreement with that of thermodynamic equilibrium constant (). This study has thus presented that the thermodynamic equilibrium constant contained the characteristics of microscopic dynamics based on the analysis of the reaction mechanism, and both constants are organically connected and unified. The reaction enthalpy and activation energy are closely related to each other with the same connotation.</p> Tao Jin, Fan-Mei Kong, Bao-Yin Yan, Gui-Zhai Zhang, Qing Liu, Qiu-Yue He, Xiao-Yan Zhou Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1587 Thu, 09 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Measuring the Level of Validity of Blended Learning in the Mathematical Economics Course of Management Study Program https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1588 <p>This study aimed to develop a blended learning program for mathematical economics course to meet both valid and practical aspects. The Rowntree and the Tessmer formative evaluation model was used in this study to describe three stages of the development process, namely planning, development and evaluation. The participants of this research comprised three experts to review the blended learning program and teaching materials, three students to take the one-to-one evaluation test and 39 students to take the small group evaluation test. Data collection method was the walkthrough method and a questionnaire. At the planning stage, curriculum analysis, analysis of graduate learning outcome and teaching materials were carried out. At the development stage, a design was made using blended learning-based teaching materials which were presented in prototype form through learning management system. At the evaluation stage, validity tests were carried out through self-evaluation and expert judgment activities. &nbsp;Based on the results of self-evaluation and expert judgment, it was found that the learning program and teaching material met the valid aspect. The results of the one-to-one evaluation and small group evaluation were obtained in the practical category. &nbsp;Thus, learning program and teaching material with blended learning approach were found to be appropriate to be used as the teaching material in mathematical economics course. With this developed learning approach, it is hoped that students would develop skills in solving economic problem based on mathematical analysis.</p> Rahman Rahim, Agustan Syamsuddin, Wahyuddin, Muhammad Rizal Usman, Jainuddin Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1588 Thu, 09 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0500 A Model of Critical Consideration of Environmental Education: Concepts, Contexts, and Competencies https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1589 <p>Recently, environmental education is the essential element to avoid environmental degradation around the globe that needs new articles and policymakers’ emphasis. Hence, the present article examines the impact of environmental education on environmental knowledge, environmental behavior, and environmental attitude in Indonesia. The present research also investigated the moderating role of government support among environmental education, environmental knowledge, environmental behavior, and environmental attitude in Indonesia. A questionnaire was used as the primary data collection method. The smart-PLS was utilized to test the association among variables and the hypotheses of the study. The results revealed that environmental education had a significant and positive linkage with environmental knowledge, environmental behavior, and environmental attitude in Indonesia. The findings also exposed that government support significantly moderated among environmental education, environmental knowledge, and environmental behavior in Indonesia. The findings of this research would provide help to the policymakers in establishing the policies related to environmental education and reduce environmental degradation.</p> Mamik Suendarti Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1589 Thu, 09 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0500 A Model Of Ict-Based Educational Information System To Improve The High Schools Vocational Culinary Art Skills in Indonesia https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1608 <p>Information and communication technology (ICT) is a fundamental necessity in vocational high school education. <br>Vocational culinary art skills procedure is not only a means of keeping up with technology developments but also includes <br>proper application in the instruction process. In actuality, several obstacles inhibited the utilization of ICT to administer <br>school-based learning and instruction. When teachers can use ICT as a source of academic information to improve the quality <br>of student learning, ICT will unquestionably be valid. Therefore, this study aims to examine a model for the evaluation of <br>ICT-based information systems (IS) in enhancing culinary arts skills in Indonesian vocational high schools. After completing <br>the pre-development and development phases, it was determined that the ICT-based IS operational and suitable for use by <br>teachers. The data was collected from 19 technical high school teachers. We used both random and systematic sampling <br>techniques. These data were compiled using interview guides and a poll of teachers. Seventy-five percent of teachers at <br>vocational high schools were found to be proficient in the use of ICT in the classroom. Still, the results also indicated that <br>Vocational teachers lacked the essential training and resources to integrate ICT into their classrooms effectively. These <br>findings contributed to the body of knowledge and might be regarded as a pioneering study in the specific field of vocational <br>culinary art skills</p> Louisa Nicolina Kandoli Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1608 Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0500 The Strategic Model for Enhancing Internationalization of Graduate Programs: Evidence of Public Universities in Thailand https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1615 <p>This study aims to evaluate the present and desired conditions, analyze strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats, and establish a strategic model for promoting the internationalization of graduate programs in Thailand's public universities. This study adopted a methodology that combined quantitative and qualitative approaches. The results revealed that the strategies for enhancing the internationalization of graduate programs at public universities in Thailand consisted of 11 strategies under 5 internationalization components: Training, Partnership; Research; Institutional services and extracurricular activities; and Participation by domestic students in international activities. A model is a stakeholder-oriented approach that was established to suit the needs of each major stakeholder, including faculty members, students, staff, and partners, to promote the internationalization of graduate programs in Thailand's public universities.</p> Panawat Wattanavit, Patreeya Kitcharoen Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1615 Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Assessing the Content Validity and Construct Validity of Non-Cognitive Skills Assessment Instruments for Science Subjects at Junior High School in Indonesia https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1620 <p>The objective of the study was to test the content validity and construct validity of non-cognitive skills assessment applied to science subjects at Junior High Schools in Indonesia. Non-cognitive skills are traits and skills that can be used to measure non-cognitive factors involved during learning. The study consisted of eight factors namely, critical thinking, open-mindedness, accuracy, perseverance, carefulness, ability to innovate, responsibility, and sensitivity. The content validity method involved 40 experts and panelists (20 teachers and 20 students). The assessment used in this study was self-assessment technique. Exploratory factor analysis was used as construct validity assessment technique and involved as many as 210 students. Viewing the cut-off value of the CFI &lt; 0.96 dan SRMR &gt; 0.06 meant that all eight factors were qualified. The result of the Geomin Rotation Analysis was found valid in 17 items, and 14 items confirmed the cross-loading criteria. The implications of this study included that the instruments’ items do not have to be seen through variables; if the variables are not qualified, the dropped items could be reviewed again through indicators and item editors. Moreover, constructs formed in this study are transferable and replicable, and can be used in future studies, even to test instruments using a large sample and to search item bias. The study recommends using this instrument on teachers and parents too to know the extent of students' non-cognitive skills.</p> Widha Nur Agastya, Dinny Devi Triana, Herwindo Haribowo Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1620 Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Model of a School principal’s Performance Evaluation Using MYSQL Software https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1633 <p>The performance evaluation of a school principal using the MySQL software application is visualized as a series of evaluation processes that collect, store, and process data before presenting it in the form of a performance description. The purpose of this study was to develop a model for evaluating the performance of school principals through the use of an application. This study used a quantitative descriptive method with a Likert scale questionnaire distributed to a performance appraisal team of the Padang City Junior High School principals, which consisted of 33 assessors. The descriptive statistics technique was used to analyze the research data. The results were developed and could be found in <a href="https://epenjelaskomprehensif-zrs.com/">https://epenjelaskomprehensif-zrs.com/</a> which demonstrated the comprehensive e-explanatory model, a MySQL software-based performance appraisal model of a school school principal, which met the eligibility standards of validity, practicability, and effectiveness. There are aspects of the internal and external assessment team. The scope of the assessment performance was the main and the supporting task, followed by stages of assessment, and application of assessment in relation to obtaining information on the map of a school principal's strengths and weaknesses as a basis for evaluating the school principal's performance. This article provides an alternative strategy to evaluate the performance of school principals using this application.</p> Zulkifli, Sufyarma Marsidin, Rusdinal Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1633 Wed, 03 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Academic Leaders’ Perspectives on Job Performance Management at Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1634 <p>Due to the rapid developments in the field of higher education and increased competitiveness, there is a need to assess and evaluate the performance of the personnel including the academic staff like faculty, teaching assistants and research staff. This research identifies the challenges faced by academic leaders in managing the job performance of faculty members at Prince Sattam Abdulaziz University (PSAU) in three stages of performance management system (planning - reviewing - evaluation) and the degree of differences in the challenges in the variables of academic leaders’ gender, academic rank and job title. The study adopted a descriptive survey method and a questionnaire tool on a study sample of 67 department heads and Deans in various faculties at PSAU, Saudi Arabia. The results showed that the most significant challenges in managing job performance are in the evaluation stage, followed by the review stage and finally the planning stage. There were no statistically significant differences among the responses of the study sample due to the variable of gender and academic rank, while there were statistically significant differences among the respondents according to job title. This research also recommends to link job performance with incentives and rewards to boost employees’ motivation, to evaluate faculty members’ performance in additional tasks of quality and development, scientific research, and community service.</p> Dr. Hasna Balaj Alotaibi Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1634 Tue, 13 Sep 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Developing UAE Preschoolers’ Emergent Reading Skills through Balanced Literacy Approach https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1635 <p>Balanced Literacy framework is designed to increase positive outcomes of teaching and enable the teachers to initiate a modeled instruction. This research attempted to create a balanced literacy classroom in UAE kindergarten to test its effects on students’ early reading skills. The objective was to investigate the effects of the balanced literacy approach on the emergent reading skills of kindergarten students, ages 4-6, in the United Arab Emirates through a comparative study between students (Group-A), who received the balanced literacy intervention, and students (Group-B), who were taught using the traditional method of teaching literacy. Mixed methods research design was followed to analyze the effects of the balanced literacy approach. The concepts of print checklist, letter-sound identification checklist, reading log and artifacts were utilized and collected to measure students’ vocabulary growth, ability to recognize names and sound of uppercase and lowercase letters, record and track students’ reading activities, and monitor growing linguistic abilities. Results show that the learners in Group-A outperformed learners who received literacy instruction in the traditional methods. The findings from the concepts of print checklist showed dramatic growth in print awareness skills of students in Group-A. Vocabulary checklists showed steady growth in students' vocabulary after the balanced literacy approach intervention. Results from the letter-sound identification assessment exhibited a substantial increase in their ability to identify names and sounds of letters. Implications from this study indicate the positive effects of the balanced literacy approach on mixed-ability students. Therefore, this study could serve as an impetus for further exploration of balanced literacy to support the reading achievement of students with dyslexia.</p> Khawla Abdalla Alshamsi, Robin Erric Ogdol Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1635 Wed, 03 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0500 The Role of The Physical Education Supervisor in The Development of Healthy Culture Living for Elementary School Students https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1636 <p>South Kalimantan's golden age development cannot be divorced from education development. The golden generation can reach the golden age. They are categorized as young generations with healthy physical and spiritual human resources, a cautious disposition, and a strong personality. To reach this golden age, the effort must continually be made to develop a healthy existence for the golden generation, especially for primary school kids (SD). This library-based study aimed to determine the influence of elementary school physical education supervisors in establishing a healthy culture in South Kalimantan. From the study results and the data of the central government agencies and south Kalimantan, it can be concluded that the physical education supervisor has an important role in (1) supervising, controlling, and assisting in the design and implementation of an interesting physical education learning program, to motivate students to engage in routine physical activity; and (2) supervising, controlling, and assisting in the design and implementation of a healthy school program to keep students in good health. It indicates that they can directly oversee, supervise, and assist the learning process in a school that promotes a healthy lifestyle culture. It is desired that this study's findings will be considered by all elementary school physical education supervisors in South Kalimantan while promoting a culture of healthy living among elementary school students.</p> Sunarno Basuki Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1636 Wed, 03 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Understanding the Complexity of Teacher Professional Learning in the Context of China's "Double Reduction" Policy https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1664 <p>The "Double Reduction" policy is a collection of systematic approaches to lessen the burden on pupils and increase the efficacy of school instruction that proposes additional requirements for enhancing teacher professional learning and teaching quality. After examining the prior literature on the "Double Reduction" policy and teacher professional development, this study conducted in-depth interviews with 15 elementary and secondary school teachers to comprehend the complexity of teacher learning. In this study, the grounded theory method was used to analyze how instructors learn through the interaction of personal and external factors. Individuals engage with the learning environment to acquire and reconstruct knowledge experiences that contribute to the growth of pupils, as demonstrated by the findings. Teacher professional learning differs from teacher professional development in that it consists of three fundamental dimensions: individual factors, external support systems, and contextual elements. Motivation, ideas regarding learning, and professional identity are personal aspects of teacher learning. In addition, the objective, motivation, organization, and evaluation within the context of the "Double Reduction" strategy influenced the professional development of teachers as contextual variables. External support systems, such as teacher learning communities, school-university partnerships, and information technology, connect individual and contextual aspects of the teacher professional learning model. The many parts within the three dimensions interact to construct the processes of teacher's professional development under the "Double Reduction" strategy, giving a research foundation for the theoretical analysis of improving teacher education.</p> HUANG Jianping, Xuedi Pi, HUANG Zhengnan Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1664 Thu, 01 Sep 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Teaching Quality Management of Civics Education in Indonesia: The Role of Political Interest https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1671 <p>This study aims to analyze several factors regarding the civic teaching quality that together impact a person’s willingness to participate in Civic matters. Introducing quality into management practices is still not known by the teachers in Indonesia. For this purpose, the willingness factor has also been observed to be lacking among the students to participate in different Civic matters because the teachers are not entirely aware of the whole management process through which the field of Civic Education can get better in terms of its quality. For this study, the teachers of the Kawangkoan context of Indonesia were targeted. Questionnaire-based survey technique has been used to collect the data from respondents. 350 questionnaires were distributed to the teachers and out of these 335 were received back. Data were analyzed using SPSS and AMOS. The result indicated a significant relationship between open classroom climate, cognitive addiction, systematic class observation, and discussion on political matters on the willingness to participate in civic matters. The mediation of political interest has also been observed in this research. PI insignificantly mediates the relationship between OCC and WPCM, PI insignificantly mediates the relationship between CA and WPCM, and PI significantly mediates the relationship between DCPE and WPCM. The significance of this research study can be recognized by the fact that education is one of the most crucial sectors in Indonesia as young individuals practice those things in their real life learned during their educational careers. This study is also helpful for teachers because after gaining novel information through this study, they can practically implement it and can improve their teaching quality, which can also improve the learning of the student.</p> Apeles Lexi Lonto, Ruth Sriana Umbase Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1671 Sun, 02 Oct 2022 00:00:00 -0500 The Impact of Curriculum Development Strategies, Globalization, and Students’ Cultural Competencies on Multicultural Education in Indonesia https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1675 <p>Multicultural education has gained global attention due to globalization, and this phenomenon also needs recent researchers’ emphasis. Hence the present study investigates the impact of curriculum development strategies and students’ cultural competencies on multicultural education in private schools in Indonesia. The article also examines the moderating role of globalization among curriculum development strategies, students’ cultural competencies, and multicultural education in private schools in Indonesia. The article follows the primary data collection technologies such as questionnaires to gather the primary data from selected teachers from private schools. The article also employed the smart-PLS to check the association between understudy variables. The results indicated that the curriculum development strategies and students’ cultural competencies have a positive and significant association with multicultural education in private schools in Indonesia. The results also exposed that globalization significantly moderates among curriculum development strategies, students’ cultural competencies, and multicultural education in private schools in Indonesia. These findings provide guidelines to policymakers in developing policies related to multicultural education improvement through curriculum development strategies and students’ cultural competencies.</p> Rr Nanik Setyowati, Nurhasan, Sarmini, Edy Herianto Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1675 Mon, 15 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0500 The Impact of Tri Pramana-based Hypothetic Deductive Learning Cycle Model on Character Forming and Creativity Development in Early Childhood https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1680 <p>In their personality development, children have not been able to achieve unique according to their goals and ambitions, as teachers and students become more and more morally degraded. The study aimed to analyze the impact of a hypothetical deductive learning cycle model based on <em>Tri Pramana</em> on personality formation and creative ability development of students in their early childhood. The study utilized a semi-empirical form of a post-trial control design. The experiment was conducted in kindergarten classes, with two each from Kindergarten A and Kindergarten B grades, with a total of 80 students participating. A test and a questionnaire were used to collect data, where the test was used to measure creativity and the questionnaire for character variables. A descriptive and inferential statistical analysis method was used for data analysis, using MANOVA. The results show that there is an impact of learning a hypothetical deductive learning cycle model based on <em>Tri Pramana</em> on personality and creativity partially or simultaneously. It can be seen from Sig. value &lt; 0.05. The study concludes that the application of a hypothetical deductive learning cycle model based on <em>Tri Pramana</em> has a significant effect on students' personality, creativity as well as creative thinking ability. This learning model can thus be recommended as an alternative to personality development and creativity in childhood.</p> I Wayan Karta, Nyoman Suarta, Ni Wayan Rasmini, I Wayan Widiana, Ni Nyoman Chintya Ari Putri, I Gede Wahyu Suwela Antara Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1680 Wed, 14 Sep 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Tri Hita Karana Based Subak in Strengthening Character and Social Studies Learning Outcomes https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1681 <p>It is a common belief that the higher is the optimal learning, the greater are the results in enhancement of character and students’ learning outcomes. A major role is often played by the application of Subak (water management system) based on Tri Hita Karana (three causes of happiness and prosperity). This study aimed to analyze the role of Tri Hita Karana based Subak in strengthening the character and enhancing the learning outcomes of elementary school students. This quasi-experimental research design utilized the post-test group design, with a sample size of 60 students, divided into experimental class and control class with 30 students each. The data was collected through a test and a questionnaire. The test instrument comprised 10 questions while the questionnaire contained 30 statements, to measure learning outcomes. Quantitative descriptive analysis and inferential statistical analysis were the data analysis methods used, with MANOVA as the data analysis technique. The results indicate that there is a positive effect of the application of Tri Hita Karana based Subak learning on students’ character and learning outcomes. The results revealed that the average value of students' character and student learning outcomes taught with Tri Hita Karana based Subak learning was higher. In addition, the research findings also indicated that the learning outcome variable was strongly influenced by the Tri Hita Karana-based Subak learning.</p> I Wayan Kertih, I Wayan Widiana Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1681 Wed, 14 Sep 2022 00:00:00 -0500 The Impact of Tri Pramana-based Hypothetic Deductive Learning Cycle Model on Character Forming and Creativity Development in Early Childhood https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1695 <p>In their personality development, children have not been able to achieve unique according to their goals and ambitions, as teachers and students become more and more morally degraded. The study aimed to analyze the impact of a hypothetical deductive learning cycle model based on <em>Tri Pramana</em> on personality formation and creative ability development of students in their early childhood. The study utilized a semi-empirical form of a post-trial control design. The experiment was conducted in kindergarten classes, with two each from Kindergarten A and Kindergarten B grades, with a total of 80 students participating. A test and a questionnaire were used to collect data, where the test was used to measure creativity and the questionnaire for character variables. A descriptive and inferential statistical analysis method was used for data analysis, using MANOVA. The results show that there is an impact of learning a hypothetical deductive learning cycle model based on <em>Tri Pramana</em> on personality and creativity partially or simultaneously. It can be seen from Sig. value &lt; 0.05. The study concludes that the application of a hypothetical deductive learning cycle model based on <em>Tri Pramana</em> has a significant effect on students' personality, creativity as well as creative thinking ability. This learning model can thus be recommended as an alternative to personality development and creativity in childhood.</p> I Wayan Karta, Nyoman Suarta, Ni Wayan Rasmini, I Wayan Widiana, Ni Nyoman Chintya Ari Putri, I Gede Wahyu Suwela Antara Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1695 Thu, 15 Sep 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Tri Hita Karana Based Subak in Strengthening Character and Social Studies Learning Outcomes https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1696 <p>It is a common belief that the higher is the optimal learning, the greater are the results in enhancement of character and students’ learning outcomes. A major role is often played by the application of Subak (water management system) based on Tri Hita Karana (three causes of happiness and prosperity). This study aimed to analyze the role of Tri Hita Karana based Subak in strengthening the character and enhancing the learning outcomes of elementary school students. This quasi-experimental research design utilized the post-test group design, with a sample size of 60 students, divided into experimental class and control class with 30 students each. The data was collected through a test and a questionnaire. The test instrument comprised 10 questions while the questionnaire contained 30 statements, to measure learning outcomes. Quantitative descriptive analysis and inferential statistical analysis were the data analysis methods used, with MANOVA as the data analysis technique. The results indicate that there is a positive effect of the application of Tri Hita Karana based Subak learning on students’ character and learning outcomes. The results revealed that the average value of students' character and student learning outcomes taught with Tri Hita Karana based Subak learning was higher. In addition, the research findings also indicated that the learning outcome variable was strongly influenced by the Tri Hita Karana-based Subak learning.</p> I Wayan Kertih, I Wayan Widiana Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1696 Thu, 15 Sep 2022 00:00:00 -0500 The effect of teacher self-efficacy, workplace stress, workplace environment, and teacher engagement to improve the teacher's job satisfaction: A study on public and private sector universities of Iraq https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1706 <p>This study aims to analyze the impact of teacher self-efficacy, workplace stress, workplace environment, and teacher engagement on public and private universities in Iraq's professional teaching satisfaction. The research employed a self-administered survey questionnaire and collected data from 350 professors at public and private universities using a convenient sampling technique. Quantitative research methodology and cross-sectional research design were utilized. The Partial Least Square (PLS)-Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) regression results reveal that teacher workplace stress, self-efficacy, and engagement have a positive and significant effect on teaching job satisfaction. While teachers' workplace stress has a negative and substantial impact on their job happiness, This study demonstrates that instructors need a conducive work environment to achieve job satisfaction. This can be accomplished by providing them with the study's findings in an efficient manner. This study's findings could also contribute to the existing literature, thereby assisting researchers and academics.</p> Amenah Muayad Abdullah, Nour Raheem Neamah, Ahmed Jalil Kadhim, Ayad Abas Hasan, Aalaa Yaseen Hassan, Shaker Holh Sabit, Nuha Ibrahim Hrejha Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1706 Sun, 20 Nov 2022 00:00:00 -0600 The effect of academic self-efficacy, positive academic emotions, academic rewards, and metacognitive learning strategies effect on educational institutions' academic performance in Iraq https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1707 <p>The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of academic self-efficacy (ASEC), positive academic emotions (PAE), academic rewards (ACR), and metacognitive learning strategies (METLSS) on the academic performance (ACP) of educational institutions in Iraq. The study also examines the influence mediated by metacognitive methods. The survey instrument was self-administered, and data was obtained from university students. The quantitative research analysis was completed using the Partial Least Square-Equation Modelling Technique. Results suggested that ASEC, ACR, emotions connected to learning, and METLSS had a good and significant impact on the ACP of educational institutions. The indirect implications also show that metacognitive learnings favorably and significantly mediate the relationships between ASEC, ACR, PAE, and ACP. These findings, with the broader framework of academic rewards and the mediating influence of metacognitive learning, could significantly contribute to the existing literature as a pioneering study. The conclusions of this study may be valuable to policymakers, and universities' regulatory agencies should be aware of the importance of researching the indicators mentioned above, which could improve the ACP of students.</p> Hawraa Neima Kamal, Ismaeel Alwan Obaid, Zaid Hilal Abed Alqiraishi, Wissam Mohammed Hassan Algaragolle, Bashar Rasheed Hussein, Teeba Khalid Shehab, Shaker Holh Sabit Copyright (c) 2022 https://jestp.com/index.php/estp/article/view/1707 Sun, 20 Nov 2022 00:00:00 -0600