Relationship Between Parenting Styles and Multidimensional Perfectionism: A Meta-Analysis Study

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Meltem Yıldız
Hazel Duru
Jale Eldeleklioğlu

Keywords

Multidimensional perfectionism • parenting styles • meta-analysis • effect size • random effect

Abstract

Perfectionism is a personality trait consisting of many dimensions, and various factors are effective in the formation of this personality trait. At this point, parenting styles appear as a factor that should be examined. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between multidimensional perfectionism and parenting styles. For the study, the Eric, JSTOR, Sage Journal, Scopus, Springer Link, Taylor & Francis Online, Google Scholar, Ulakbim, YÖK (the Council of Higher Education), EBSCO Open Dissertations and ProQuest Dissertation and Thesis databases were used. “Parenting styles” and “perfectionism” were used as search terms in the databases. Seven studies met the selection criteria to be included in the meta-analysis. Random effect model was used in the analysis. As a result of the analysis, a weak and positive relationship was found between perfectionist strivings and parenting styles except permissive parenting styles. A weak and positive directional relationship between perfectionist concerns and authoritarian, protective and permissive parenting styles was also found. Moreover, a weak negative relationship between perfectionist concerns and authoritative parental style was found. There was a positive relationship between order, which is the last dimension of perfectionism, and authoritative and protective parenting styles. A weak negative relationship was found between order and authoritarian parenting style. The findings of this study revealed that all three dimensions of perfectionism are related to four parenting styles.

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